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Prof. Milena Kirova



1. Biblical Femininity. Mechanisms of Construction, Politics of Representation in the Old Testament. Sofia University Press and Stigmati Publishing House, 2005

2. The Problematic Realism (Theory of Literature and History of Bulgarian literature). Ministry of Education Publishing House “Prosveta”. Sofia, 2002

3. Criticism on the Thresholds (Bulgarian Literature at the end of the XX century). Sofia University Press, Sofia, 2002

4. Yordan Yovkov – Myths and Mythology. Polis Press, Sofia, 2001

5. The Female Body, Unframing. In: Milena Kirova and Emilia Dvoryanova. La Velata. The Body, Unframing. Phenea Publishing House. Sofia, 1998

6. A Trial of the Symbols. Studies in Psychoanalysis and Literature. Phenea Publishing House, Sofia, 1997

7. Literature for 7-th grade. Textbook for the Secondary schools in Bulgaria. “Vedi” Publishing house, Sofia, 1997

8. The Dream of the Meduze. Psychoanalysis of Bulgarian Literature. Sofia University Press, Sofia, 1995
Second edition – 1997

9. Psychoanalysis and Literature. Selected Essays. (Editor, translator and author of the introductory study). Sofia University Press, Sofia, 1995

10. The Narrative Poem in Bulgarian Literature (1878-1918). Sofia University Press, Sofia, 1988



1. Feminism with an Eastern Touch. – Divinatio. Studia culturologica series, 26/2007 (autumn-winter)

2. The Early Fathers of Marxist Feminism and the Holy Book. In: Jorunn Okland, Roland Boer (Eds.) Marxist Feminist Criticism of the Bible. Sheffield Phoenix Press, Sheffield, 2008, pp. 23-42

3. Defining the Feminine Presence in Literature: A Search for New Terms. – Aspasia. International Yearbook of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern European Women’s and Gender History. Vol. 2/2008 (Spring), New York.

4. Mark Hamilton’s Book and “The Body Royal”. In: The Bible and Critical Theory, Vol. 1, N2, 2007

5. Spectacles of Empire: The Gospel of John. In: The Bible and Critical Theory, Vol. 3, N 1, February 2007

6. Atanas Dalcev a jeho rolu ako basnik-prorok v bulharskei kiterature.In: Jazyk a literatura v modernej spolocnosti. Univerzita “Jan Amos Komenskeho”, Bratislava, 2005, pp. 276-291

7. Why Should the Harlot Be a Woman? Gender Identity as Allegorical strategy of Representation in Prophetic Text. In: The Bible and Critical Theory, Vol. 1, N 4, 2005

8. Not a Place, Not a Time… Reviewing Judith McKinlay’s “Reframing Her”. In: The Bible and Critical Theory, Vol. 2, N 4, 2005

9. Библейската блудница. “Женската образност като алегорична стратегия на профетичния текст. В: Eslavistica Complutense, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2006/6

10. Writing as a Woman in Bulgaria at the beginning of XX-th Century. – L’Homme. Europaische Zeitschrift fur Feministische Geschichtswissenschaft (Austria), 15. Jg. Heft 1, 2004, pp. 109-117

11. Бугарска Десанка Максимович. – In: Српска книжевност и балканске книжевности. Београд, 32/2, 2004, pp. 218-222

12. Postfeminizm – gdy brak feministyczkei tradycii. In: Na tropach Modernizmu i Postmodernizmu. Oszodek Wydawkiezy “Bojan Penev”, S., 2004

13. “Ecriture feminine” in Bulgaria at the end of XX century. – Hellenic Quarterly, Athens, Greece, Vol. 15 (January, 2003), pp 53-59

14. What is the “Gender Identity” of the Bulgarian poet Bagrjana? – In: Nyelv es Identitas. Gondolatok a bolgar onismeretrol. (Bulgarian-Hungarian Researches in Literature), Faber, 2003, pp. 140-151

15. Vitet’90, si ngjarje ne jeten letrare. – Korrieri N 44 (589), Tirana, Albania, pp.18-19

16. Women and the Canon in Literature. – Genero, 1, 2002, Belgrade Centre for Women Studies (Yougoslavia), pp. 27-39

17. Kobiety kontra Kanonu v literaturze bulgarskiej lat 90-tych. – Tygiel miesiecznik, Lodz (Poland), 2, 2001

18. Farewell to the Renaissance intelligentsia. In: New Publicity. Bulgarian Debates 1999. Center for Arts Soros. Sofia, 2000

19. Задоволство от задоволство или “женскот” еротизам как парадигма на постмодернистичкото знание. – Lettres Internationale, Скопие, г. 4, 1999

20. Lálterite problematique. In: Un Univers Immortel. Textes reunis a lóccasion du 90 Anniversaire de Claude Levi-Strauss. Karina M Press, Sofia, 1998

21. On Lacan’s Seminar XI. – The European Legacy. Towards
New Paradigms. Vol. 3:2, 1998

22. Бугарска Десанка Максимович. – Мост, 153-154, 1998, Ниш

23. From the Pleasure of Power to the Power of Pleasure. Popular culture in Search of a New Identity. In: Teaching Transference. On the Foundations of Psychoanalytic Studies. Rebus Press, London, 1997

24. Literature and Psychoanalysis: Reading the Third Text. In: The European Legacy. Towards New Paradigms. (Journal of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas), MIT Press, Vol. 2:3, 1997


1. The Bible and the “Female Ethos”. The case of a She-Ass. In: Collection of Essays in Honour of professor Bojan Nichev. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Publishing House (under print).
2. The Childless wife in the Bible. In: Collection of Essays in Honour of prof. Ivan Pavlov. Sofia University Publishing House (under print)
3. The Biblical Prophetess. In: Collection of Essays in Honour of Prof. Ivajlo Petrov, University of Shumen (under print)
4. Roses and Ashes. (Emanuil Popdimitrov. “In the country of roses”). In: The Artist and His Image. Collection of Essays in Honour of Prof. Zdravko Cholakov. (Also – editor of the collection). Sofia University Press, S., 2004
5. Between the Road and the Place: The Gender Identity of Bagrjana’s Poetry. In: Literary Geography. Travellers and Home-sitters. Faber Publishing house, Veliko Turnovo, 2004
6. The Myth of Oedipus in Bulgarian Fiction. In: The Frontier Man. A Book in Honor of Prof. T. Jechev. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Publishing House, Sofia, 2004
7. The Biblical Creation. Politic of Gender. – Democratic Review, 51, 2003
8. Women and the Canon in Literature. In: Changing Identities. A Book in Honor of the 60-th Anniversary of Prof. S. Hadjikossev. Sofia University Press, Sofia, 2003.
9. The Best of Petko Slaveykov. (Editor and author of the introductory study, pp. 3-21). Anubis Publishing House, Sofia, 2003.
10. The Best of Peyo Javorov. (Editor and author of the introductory study, pp. 1-27). Anubis Publishing House, Sofia, 2002.
11. The Problematic Realism. In: Literary Cultures and Social Myths. A Book in Honor of Prof. M. Nedelchev. New Bulgarian University Press, Sofia, 2003.
12. Novel-writing in Bulgarian Literature at the Beginning of XXI Century. In: Beyond the Tradition. A Book in Honnor of the 70-th Anniversary of Prof. E. Konstantinova. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Publishing House, Sofia, 2003.
13. Mythology of Tears in Bulgarian Literature (XIX century). In: Bulgarian Literature – Hydrophilia and Hydrophobes. Faber Press, Vel. Turnovo, 2002, pp. 29-49
14. Criticism and the Pleasures of It. In: Figures of the Author. A Book in honor of the Anniversary of Prof. B. Biolchev. Sofia University Press, Sofia, 2002, pp. 36-41
15. Can a Poem Be a Manifesto of Modern Ability to Suffer? In: Peyo Javorov: New Interpretations. Slovo Publishing House, Vel. Turnovo, 2002, pp. 69-87
16. “Realism”and Utopia in Bulgarian Fiction (The case of Elin Pelin), In: Will and Fate. A Book in Honor of the 60-th Anniversary of Prof. S. Janev. Stigmati Publishing House, Sofia, 2002, pp.
17. The Image of the “Small Shephard” in Bulgarian Literature. In: The World of Ivan Vazov (also editor of the book). Sofia University Press, Sofia, 2002, pp. 35-45.
18. Psychoanalysis and Gender or Psychoanalysis Writes Femininity. In: Theory on the Thresholds. Introduction to Gender Studies. (also editor of the book). Bulgarian Association of University Women and Polis Publishing House, Sofia, 2001
19. Mothers and Daughters in the Fiction of Yordan Yovkov. In: Mythology in Bulgarian Literature. Slovo Publishing House, Vel. Turnovo, 2001.
20. To Dress the Body of Engenderment (in the fiction of Y. Yovkov). In: The Wardrobe of Bulgarian Literature. Faber Press, Vel. Turnovo, 2001
21. Imitatio Christi (Images of Holy Madness in Bulgarian Fiction between the Wars). In: The Bible in Bulgarian Literature. Slovo Publishing House, Vel. Turnovo, 2001, pp. 197-207
22. Women’s Writing in Bulgarian Literature of the 90’s. In: Text, Commentary, Interpretation. Sofia University Press, Sofia, 2001
23. Crisis and Sacrifice. Eschatological aspects of Yovkov’s Fiction. In: Constructing the Tradition. A Book in Honor of the 70-th Anniversary of Prof. M. Tsaneva (also editor of the book). Sofia University Press, Sofia, 2000
24. The Demetra-Persefona Myth in Bulgarian Fiction. In: Bulgarian Literature, Figures of Reading (also editor of the book). Figura Publishing House, Sofia, 2000
25. Farewell to the Ability of Being Nostalgic. In: The New Publicity. Debates in Modern Culture. Soros Arts Centre, Sofia, 2000
26. The Pleasure of Pleasure or Female Eroticism as a Paradigm of Postmodern Knowledge. In: The Erotic Zones of Literature. Veliko Turnovo University Publishing House, Vel. Turnovo, 2000
27. The Mythological Image of the Father in the Poetry of Pencho Slaveykov. In: Pencho Slaveykov. Slovo Publishing House, Vel. Turnovo, 1999
22. The Problematic Otherness. In: The Immortal World. A Book in honnor of the 80th Anniversary of Claude Levi-Strauss. Karina Publishig House. Sofia, 1998.
23. Post-Feminism – when Feminism is Lacking. In: Mothers and Daughters. Bulgarian Association of University Women and Polis Publishing House, Sofia, 1999
24. The Identity of “We”: A Mythological Strategy in Literature. In: The Anarchist-Legislator. Researches in Honour of the 60-th Anniversary of Prof. Nikola Georgiev. Sofia University Press. Sofia, 1998.
25. Pencho Slaveikov. History of Cultural Heroism. In: Modern Researches on Classical Texts. Ariadna Publishing House. Sofia, 1998.
26. Christo Botev and the Narcissistic Traumas of the Bulgarian Revival. In: New Researches in Literature. Sofia University Press, 1999.
27. A Case of Silencing Male Identity. In: Modernism – New Researches. University of Veliko Turnovo Press. Vel. Turnovo, 1999.
28. The Nostalgic Shephard We Are. In: Urban Folk Song in Literature. University of Veliko Turnovo Press, Vel. Turnovo, 1999.
29. Christo Botev and the Collective Ego Ideals. In: 150 Years Christo Botev. New Researches. Bulg. Academy of Sciences Publishing House. Sofia, 1999.
30. Narratio ludens. Myth and Parody in Aleko Konstantinov’s Works; Mythologic Images of the Sacred Marriage in the Works of Iordan Iovkov. Tilia Publishing House, Sofia, 1996
31. Symbolism of the Centre in the Discourse of Ivan Vazov. In: The Works of Ivan Vazov. Critical Readings. Glauks Publishing House. Shoumen, 1996.
32. Mara Belcheva – A Cultural Heroine of Her Time. Psychocultural Portrait In: Annual Almanach of Sofia University. Vol. 87, 1994.
33. Vazov and the Other Bulgarians. In: Text and Meaning. Sofia University Press, 1992.
34. Christo Botev: Specifics of the Creative Process. In: Christo Botev. New Researches. Sofia University Press, 1990.
35. The Bulgarian Narrative Poem at the Beginning of XX Century. In: Annual Almanach of Sofia University. Vol. 81, 1991.
36. The Satirical Narrative Poem in Bulgarian Literature. In: Almanach ”Zar”. Sofia, 1984.

IV. MORE THAN 500 ARTICLES IN Bulgarian SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS like “Language and Literature”, “Literary Thought”, “Bulgarian Language and Literature”, “Democratic Review”, “Page” … and REVIEWS OF BOOKS IN CULTURAL NEWSPAPERS: ”Culture”, “Literary forum”, “Literary Newspaper” and others.



Born June 3, 1958 in Sofia, Bulgaria

Citizenship – Bulgarian

Scientific Degrees

Doctor of Sciences – 2001, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Doctoral Thesis in Anthropology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies
Ph.D. – 1986, University of Sofia. Doctoral Thesis in History of Bulgarian Literature
M.A. – 1981, University of Sofia. Theory of Literature and Bulgarian Literature
Second Major – In English
Diploma for qualification in French – 1993, Institute for Study of Foreign Languages at the University of Sofia

Academic Teaching Career at the University of Sofia

Full Professor – Jan. 2003
Associate Professor – 1996 -2003
Major Assistant Professor – 1991-1996
Senior Assistant Professor – 1988 –1991
Assistant Professor – 1987-1988

Teaching Positions at Other Universities Abroad

Visiting Professor in Bulgarian Literature – University of Belgrade, Yougoslavia, 2002
Visiting Professor in Bulgarian Literature and Gender Studies (lectures on Women’s Writing in the 90’s) – University of Helsinki, Finland, 2000
Senior Visiting Professor (lectures on Women and the Canon in Literature) – CEU (Central European University), Budapest, Hungary, 2000
Visiting Professor (lectures on Psychoanalysis and Literature) – University of Kent, Great Britain, 1995
Visiting Professor in Bulgarian Literature and Bulgarian civilization – UCLA (University of California at Los Angeles), 1989-1991

Teaching Positions at other Universities in Bulgaria

University of Plovdiv – Lectures on Psychoanalysis and Literature; 1996-1998
New Bulgarian University – Lectures on Theory of Psychoanalysis; 1992-1994


Research Visiting Professor at the School of History and Religious Studies – Monash University, Melbourne – January-June, 2006

Senior Fellowship in Gender and Culture (Women’s Studies) – Central European University, Budapest, Febr. – June 2000

Summer University in Women’ Studies at CEU, Budapest, July 1989

University of Geneva Research Fellowship, Geneva, April – August 1995

British Council Research Fellowship – at the Center for Psychoanalytic Studies at the University of Kent, Canterbury; Oct. 1994 – April 1995

Rockefeller Fellowship and Residency at Bellagio Study and Conference Center (Italy), Sept. – Oct. 1993

Fulbright Teaching Fellowship – 1989-1991

Courses taught at the University of Sofia

History of Bulgarian Literature (1878-1918) – A Basic BA course at the School of Slavic Philologies, Permanent
Construction of Gender Identities in the Old Testament – MA Programs in Anthropology and Literary Studies, School of Slavic Philologies, 2002 –
How to write a book review? – Seminar for the MA Program “Editors and Translators”, School of Slavic Studies, 2002 –
The Bible: Constructing Femininity – Postgraduate Program in Gender Studies at the School of Philosophy, 2000 – 2008
Introduction to Gender Studies – MA Program in Gender Studies, School of Philosophy, 2001-2003
Theory of Myth and History of Mythological Studies – BA Program at the School of Journalism , 1995-1997
Theory and History of Psychoanalysis – BA Program at the Schools of Slavic Philologies and Philosophy, 1992-1998
History of Psychoanalytic Criticism – BA Program at Slavic Philologies, 1998-2001
The Seminars of Lacan: Between reality and mythology – MA Program at Slavic Philologies, 1996-1997

Editting Experience

Guest-editor for contemporary literature at the “Culture” Weekly Newspaper, Sofia, 1995 –
Editor in chief of the Literary Studies Department at the University of Sofia Publishing House, 1983-1987
Editor at The Ministry of Education Publishing House – 1981-1983

Participation in International Conferences

1.Women and Peace. XVII Conference of University Women of Europe. Kyrenia, North Cyprus, Sept. 11 – 14, 2008 – paper
2.Women Shaping Science. European Platform Women in Science. Vilnius, June 5 – 8, 2008 – paper
3. Women, Gender and the Cultural Production of Knowledge. (Conference of the International Federation for Research in Women’s History). 8-12 August, 2007, Sofia, Bulgaria (chairing a panel, a workshop and a paper)
4. Literature in Education – Aims, Content, Methods. Ljubljana, Slovenia, Nov. 16-18, 2006 – paper
5 – ХVІ Conference of the European Association of University Women. Cork, Ireland, June 2005 – participation in discussions
6 – Meeting of Leading Intellectuals from the Balkans – University of Skopie, Maccedonia, November, 2005 – discourse presented and discussion
7 – XV Conference of the European Association of University Women – Bordeaux, October 6-9, 2004, paper and discussion
8 – 9-th Conference of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas (ISSEI) – University of Navara, Pamplona, Spain. Chair of the “Mythological Reperesentations of Gender” workshop and paper, August 21-24, 2004
9 – International Congress in Slavic Studies – University of Belgrade, Sept. 10-13, 2002; paper
10 – International Meeting “Women Create” – Greece, July 19-21, 2002; paper
11 – XIII International Congress in Slavic Studies, Belgrade, Sept. 10-13, 2002 – paper
12 – The Image of the Other in Literary Education in South Eastern Europe – General Reporter: Sofia, Nov. 2-5, 2000
13 – Women in Literature and the Arts. Fourth Regional Seminar – Moderator and paper. Oct. 1999 – Oct. 2000, Budapest
14 – Pleasure and Power in a Gendered Perspective – Moderator and paper. May 23-25, 1999, Budapest, Central European University
15 – Limits of Citizenship: European Women between Tradition and Modernity – Panel paper. Sofia, May 29-31, 2000
16 – II French-Bulgarian Seminar in Psychoanalysis – Panel paper. Jan. 9-10, 1999, Sofia
17 – Inaugural Conference: Women’s Studies and the Countries in Transition. Belgrade, Sept. 9-12, 1998
18 – Twentieth Century European Narratives: Tradition and Innovation. Sixth Conference of The International Society for the Study of European Ideas (ISSEI) – Chair of Workshop “Freud and After Him: History of Psychoanalytic Ideas” and paper. Haifa University, Israel, August 16-21, 1998
19 – CEU Summer University. Attending “The Gender of Politics”course. July, 1998, Budapest
20 – First French-Bulgarian Congress in Psychoanalysis – paper. July 27-29, Sofia, 1997
21 – The New Europe at the Crossroads – paper. St. John’s University, York, England, August 3-7, 1997
22 – Second Congress of Slavic Studies, International University of Andalucia, Baeza, Spain – paper. Oct. 2-5, 1996
23 – Fourth Conference of ISSEI, University of Graz, Austria – Chairperson of the Narratives, Symbols and Identities: New Ideas in Psychoanalysis and the Humanities” workshop and paper. Äugust 5-8, 1994
24 – Third Conference of ISSEI, University of Aalborg, Denmark, August 11-14, 1993 – paper
25 – Second British-Bulgarian Psychoanalytic Week – Coordinator. Sofia, April, 1992
26 – Sixth International Slavistic Congress – paper. Sofia, 1986
Balkan Meeting of Distinguished People in Culture – Iniversity of Skopie, Republic of Maccedonia, November 17-18, 2004; paper and discussion

Participation at National Conferences

Chairing, Chairing of workshops, papers presented: 63 conferences in Bulgaria for the period 1983- 2007.

Membership in Professional Societies

Bulgarian Association of University Women, President, 2001 – 2005; 2008 –
ISSEI (International Society for the Study of European Ideas) – 1996 –
Academic Psychoanalytic Society of Bulgaria, Vice-President – 1998 – 2001

Other Professional Positions

Member of the Supreme Commission for Scientific Attestation (Literary Studies) at the Bulgarian Government (Council of Ministers) 2004 –
Member of the High Commission for Contracting Professors to Teach Bulgarian at Universities Abroad at the Ministry of Education and Science, 1998 – 2006
Vice-chair of the Commission for the National Contest in Bulgarian Literature at the Ministry of Education and Science, 1996 –

Other Positions at the University of Sofia

Head of the Department of Bulgarian Literature, 2003 –
Chair of the General Assembly of the School of Slavic Studies, 2003 – 2007

Special Prizes and Awards

The National Award in Humanities for 2006 (given by the Ministry of Culture for the book “Biblical Femininity”)
Honorary Professor of Monash University, Melbourne – 2006
The Great Award for Literary Criticism and History of Literature of the University of Sofia – 2003
Book of the Year (for “Criticism on the Thresholds”), 2002
Special Award of the University of Veliko Turnovo for achievements in History of Bulgarian Literature – 2002
Best Book in Criticism (“The Dream of the Meduze”) – 1995
Great Prize of the Union of the Academic Youth for Literary Criticism – 1982
Literary Award of the Rector of Sofia University for Students’Creativity – 1981
University Medal and First Class Honours in Bulgarian Studies, University of Sofia, 1981
Graduation Gold Medal – English Language School, Plovdiv, 1977

Current Address
1505 Sofia, 15 Hristaki Pavlovich Str., apt. 11

Milena’s contributions: